Use Without Permission of Registrant so as to Misrepresent the Source of the Goods



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  • Definition: Misrepresentation of Source.
    • Otto International, Inc. v. Otto Kern GMBH, Cancellation No. 92046167, (TTAB 2007).
      • "[T]he term misrepresentation of source, as used in Section 14(c) of the Act, refers to situations where it is deliberately misrepresented by or with the consent of the registrant that goods and/or services originate from a manufacturer or other entity when in fact those goods and/or services originate from another party." Osterreichischer Molkerei-und Kasereiverband Registriete GmbH v. Marks and Spencer Limited, 203 USPQ 793, 794 (TTAB 1979); see also Global Maschinen GmbH v. Global Banking Systems, Inc., 227 USPQ 862, 864 n. 3 (TTAB 1985).
  • A pleading of misrepresentation of source must be supported by allegations of blatant misuse of the mark by respondent in a manner calculated to trade on the goodwill and reputation of petitioner.
    • Otto International, Inc. v. Otto Kern GMBH, Cancellation No. 92046167, (TTAB 2007).
      • A pleading of misrepresentation of source "must be supported by allegations of blatant misuse of the mark by respondent in a manner calculated to trade on the goodwill and reputation of petitioner." McDonnell Douglas Corporation v. National Data Corporation, 228 USPQ 45, 47 (TTAB 1985); see also McCarthy, J. Thomas, 3 McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition, § 20:60 (4th ed. 2007)("A cancellation claim for misrepresentation under §14(3) requires a pleading that registrant deliberately sought to pass off its goods as those of petitioner.").
  • To properly allege misrepresentation of source, a party cannot make a bald allegation in the language of the statute.
    • Otto International, Inc. v. Otto Kern GMBH, Cancellation No. 92046167, (TTAB 2007).
      • Thus, to properly allege misrepresentation of source, a party must do more than make a bald allegation in the language of the statute, as this does not give fair notice of the basis for petitioner's claim.
Otto International, Inc. v. Otto Kern GMBH, Cancellation No. 92046167, (TTAB 2007) Grand Total
Global Maschinen GmbH v. Global Banking Systems Inc., 227 USPQ 862, (TTAB 1985) 1
McDonnell Douglas Corporation v. National Data Corporation, 228 USPQ 45 (TTAB 1985) 1
Osterreichischer Molkerei-und Kasereiverband Registriete GmbH v. Marks and Spencer Limited, 203 USPQ 793 (TTAB 1979) 1
Grand Total 3 3
No Statutes Listed.